EDITING : 2022.10.31 월 21:10
The Gachon Herald
Israel and Palestinian militants declare Gaza truce
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Updated : 2022.09.28  17:08:30
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GAZA/JERUSALEM, Aug 7 (Reuters) - Israel and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad militant group declared a 1)truce late on Sunday, raising hopes of an end to the most serious 2)flare-up on the Gaza frontier in more than a year.
 
Israeli forces 3)pounded Palestinian targets through the weekend, triggering rocket attacks against its cities, which largely 4)tapered off by the time the truce 5)came into effect at 23:30 (20:30 GMT).
 
It was announced in separate statements by Islamic Jihad and then Israel, who both thanked Egypt for mediating the 6)ceasefire.
 
The three-day clashes echoed 7)preludes to previous Gaza wars, though they were relatively 8)contained as Hamas, the governing Islamist group in the Gaza Strip and a more powerful force than Iranian-backed Islamic Jihad, had so far stayed out.
 
Gaza officials said 44 Palestinians, almost half of them civilians and including children, had so far been killed. The rockets have threatened much of southern Israel and sent residents in cities including Tel Aviv and Ashkelon to shelters.
 
Israel launched what it called 9)pre-emptive strikes on Friday against what it anticipated would be an Islamic Jihad attack meant to avenge the arrest of a leader of the group, Bassam al-Saadi, in the occupied West Bank.
 
In response, Islamic Jihad fired hundreds of rockets at Israel. At a news conference in Tehran, the group's leader Ziyad al-Nakhala, said Cairo would "work to secure the release" of al-Saadi. Israeli and Egyptian officials did not immediately respond to requests for comment.
 
On Sunday, Islamic Jihad extended its range to fire toward Jerusalem in what it described as 10)retaliation for the overnight killing of its southern Gaza commander by Israel - the second such senior officer it has lost in the fighting.
 
Israel said its Iron Dome interceptor shot down the rockets just west of the city. The military said others had 11)fallen short, causing several Gaza 12)fatalities, while Hamas said all the Palestinian deaths were caused by the Israeli strikes.
 
In a statement, U.S. President Joe Biden welcomed the truce and called for an investigation into civilian casualties, whether they were caused by Israeli strikes or by Islamic Jihad rockets that reportedly fell inside Gaza.
 
13)Dazed by another surge of bloodshed - after outbreaks of war in 2008-09, 2012, 2014 and last year - Palestinians picked through the ruins of houses to 14)salvage belongings.
 
"Who wants a war? No one. But we also don't like to keep silent when women, children and leaders are killed," said a Gaza taxi driver who identified himself only as Abu Mohammad. "An eye for an eye."
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1) truce : 일시적 중지, 정전, 휴전

2) flare-up : (분노)가 갑자기 끓어오름, 갑자기 불길이 타오름 

                  ⇒ 여기에서는 ‘가자 국경 지역에서 갑자기 재발된 긴장’을 의미.

3) taper off : 점차 약화되다

4) pound: 마구 두드리다, 맹렬하게 포격하다

5) come into effect : 시행되다. 효력이 발생하다

6) ceasefire : 사격중지

7) prelude : 서곡(서막), 전주곡

8) contain : 여기서는 ‘억제하다’(restrain), ‘억압하다’의 의미로 사용됨.

  ⇒ “The three-day clashes echoed preludes to previous Gaza wars, though they were                relatively contained as Hamas ... had so far stayed out : 지금까지는 하마스가 관여하지 않았기 때문에 3일간의 충돌이 비교적 억제되었지만, 이 충돌은 이전의 가자 지구 전쟁들에 대한 서막을 되풀이 했다.

9) pre-emptive strike: preemptive’는 ‘우선권이 있는’이라는 뜻.

        ⇒ ‘preemptive strike’는 ‘선제공격’을 의미.   

10) retaliation : 보복, 앙갚음

11) fall short : 기대에 미치지 못하다. 여기에서는 (미사일이) ‘과녁에 도달하지 못하다’는 의미

12) fatalities사망자수 

13) daze : 눈부시게 하다, 멍하게 하다

         여기서는 (be) dazed by : -- 로 멍해져서’라는 뜻.   

14) salvage : 구조하다

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