EDITING : 2022.10.31 월 21:10
The Gachon Herald
What Is the Cost of Lies?Chernobyl, tears of a nuclear accident
Shin Da-Yeon  |  sdysdw@gmail.com
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Updated : 2020.03.16  16:54:39
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 There have been two accidents called the greatest calamity of mankind. One is the Chernobyl nuclear accident caused on April 26th, 1986 and the other is the Fukushima nuclear accident caused on March 11th, 2011. 1200 people died from the Chernobyl accident and another 4.95 million people were exposed and suffered from it. Many people may feel like it happened quite a long time ago and have forgotten about it. However, there is still a risk of radiation leakage in the vicinity of the accident site and it could happen again anytime, anywhere in a similar fashion. Here I'd like to introduce a mini-series drama, Chernobyl, that will wake us up. The U.S. drama Chernobyl sharply shows the specific process of the outbreak of the actual Chernobyl nuclear disaster, and shows the arrogance and hypocrisy in it. Let's look into the contents of the drama now.

 The Chernobyl power plant had a special experiment planned under the command of Deputy Director and Chief Engineer Anatoly Dyatlov: 'If the reactor goes out of operation, how long can the electric power be generated by the turbines?' This experiment was conducted to prove that the plant's structure was safe and complete. Although it should have been completed at the time of th plant’s design and testing, those involved had already declared the plant complete received a medal for this achievement. Therefore, they needed to rush in completing safety tests, even though the plant was already operating. However, it was impossible to complete the safety test quickly. Nevertheless, Dyatlov ignores engineers who oppose his decision and makes an authoritative order that if they don’t follow his words, he will fire them immediately and prevent them from working at other plants. As a result, this experiment caused nuclear power plants to explode. To make matters worse, Dyatlov later refused to admit his mistake, so, further damage was caused by the concealment of the Director Victor Bryukhanov, who was expected to receive a medal and the Soviet government's concealment.
 Three characters, Valery Legasov, Boris Scherbina, and Dr. Ulana Khomyck, try to prevent further damage at Chernobyl and reveal the truth. Based on his in-depth understanding of the nuclear explosion, nuclear scientist Legasov identifies the cause of the incident and even makes his speech without minding others that could be dangerous in communist Soviet society. Under pressure, he records his memoir voice tape, spreads it to the Soviet scientific community and finally reveals the truth of the incident. Boris, who is in charge of handling the case, initially didn't know the seriousness of the incident. He gradually realizes it, and listens to Legasov's request and gets maximum support from the Parliament. And Dr. Khomyck, a fictional character, who is created on behalf of all the scientists at that time, reconstructs the case and presents ideas through interviews with alive engineers about the reason why the Chernobyl nuclear power plant exploded. In addition, many miners, soldiers, and even the general public are mobilized for the project and are willing to sacrifice themselves to reduce the risk. The confrontation between those who refuse to see the truth and those who fear the result of the falsehoods, and the miserable plight of a nuclear power plant accident, are all revealed in the drama.

 In the drama, there is one line from Legasov, “What is the cost of lies? It’s not that we’ll mistake them for the truth. The real danger is that if we hear lies many times, then we would no longer recognize the truth at all.” This means that you would pay a greater price if you are afraid of the truth and hide them. Although the Chernobyl accident is the story of the past, it resembles our present and can be our future. I hope you reconsider the national power that deceives and lies to people and the danger of nuclear power through Chernobyl.

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