Title: CNN- Breeding bees 1) fit for Dubai’s heat
High in the Dubai mountains, where there's little 2) vegetation, bees struggle to survive the summer heat. But like in the rest of the world, bees and other 3) pollinators are needed in this 4) arid environment for plant life to thrive.
Here, a farm has been established to provide bees with a 5) breeding ground and extend their life cycle beyond the mild weather seasons when honey can be produced. Hatta Honey makes honey at 45 locations across the United Arab Emirates, Egypt and Saudi Arabia, and operates the first queen bee rearing station in the Middle East. Equipped with more than 3,000 beehives, it can breed 6) up to 15,000 queen bees in a three-month period and millions of worker bees all year round.
During mild-weather months, it is common practice across the Middle East for beekeepers to acquire bees and produce 7) commercial-grade honey, says Shadi Zakhour, managing director at Hatta Honey. But these bees usually end up dying in the summer heat, he adds. The 8) apiary's primary goal is to create a cycle that sustains bees year-round, he says, through a combination of crossbreeding local and Buckfast queen bees and rearing a hybrid queen bee more suitable for the arid climate.
It also operates a "buyback program," where it acquires bees from producers across the region and supports these bees during the summer using insulated beehives that maintain lower temperatures, claiming to reduce 9) mortality rates to as low as 30%. Bees and other pollinators are responsible for a third of the food produced around the world. But climate change, pests and parasites put them at risk of extinction. Hatta Honey chairman and founder Salem Sultan Al Qasimi hopes the farm can also "educate the community and the younger generations about 10) sustainability." "Bees are 11) vital for our life, for food, for our Earth," he says. "Without the bees, there is no life."
2) vegetation: (특히 특정 지역∙환경의) 초목[식물]
5) breeding ground: (야생 동물의) 번식지
7) commercial-grade: 상용등급, 일반규격
9) mortality rate: 사망률, [축산] 폐사율
10) sustainability: 지속[유지] 가능성, 환경 파괴 없이 지속될 수 있음
11) vital: 필수적인, 생명유지와 관련된